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Throat Conditions and Diagnoses


Throat Conditions and Diagnoses | Advanced ENT Services


Providers at Advanced ENT Services offer care for a range of conditions involving the throat, including acid reflux, chronic coughing, hoarseness, feeding issues, throat pain, snoring, sleep apnea and much more. 

 

Request An Appointment or Refer a Patient | Call 914.693.7636.


We accept most insurances including Medicare and Medicaid; please be sure to ask the practice representative if we accept your insurance plan. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

 

Throat Conditions and Diagnoses

Providers at Advanced ENT Services provide care for a wide range of throat conditions and diagnoses.

Select a condition below for more information. (Learn more about throat-related surgeries and procedures.)

 

Acid Reflux (GERD)

 

Acid reflux, also known as heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a common condition that affects up to one in five adults in the U.S. Acid reflux can produce pain and discomfort in the upper chest, sometimes involving the neck and throat. These symptoms occur when digestive acids in the stomach breach the lower esophageal sphincter, which connects the throat to the stomach. Treatment may be provided by an ENT physician, as well as other specialists, such as gastroenterologists.

 

Articulation and Pronunciation Problems

 

Children who struggle with articulation and pronunciation may benefit from a consultation with a provider at Advanced ENT services. ENT Physicians may also serve adult patients struggling with articulation and pronunciation as a result of hearing loss or other hearing-related illnesses.

 

Chronic Cough, Throat Clearing, Coughing While Drinking

 

Chronic coughing or throat clearing may be caused by a variety of health issues, including gastroesophageal reflux disease, allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, asthma, or even anxiety over the issue itself. A provider at Advanced ENT Services can perform a diagnosis and offer a range of therapies to alleviate the chronic coughing and throat clearing.

 

Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia)

 

Though more common in older adults, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) can occur in anyone. Symptoms can include hoarseness, acid reflux, taking a long time to eat, pain while swallowing, or having the sensation of food lodged in the throat or chest. Diagnosis and treatment may be possible through seeing a board-certified specialist at Advanced ENT Services.

 

Feeding Problems (Infants and Children)

 

A child who is not gaining healthy weight, frequently choking, coughing, throwing up, avoiding meals (or crying during feeding) may have a feeding issue. Feeding disorders go beyond “picky eaters,” and can be signs of a more severe medical problem. It’s important to see a specialist for an evaluation.

 

Foreign Bodies (Esophagus, Throat, Trachea/Airway)

 

A foreign body lodged in any part of the upper digestive tract can cause severe complications, including breathing issues, feeding issues, pain, soreness, hoarseness and other symptoms. Prompt attention from a medical professional is required.

 

Granulation Tissue of the Trachea

 

Following a tracheostomy, some patients may experience a complication involving the development of granulation tissue. Granulation tissue is connective tissue that develops as a part of the wound healing process. In some patients, however, this granulation can cause complications that require management.

 

Hoarseness

 

Hoarseness can be a normal effect of shouting, sore throat, infection and other conditions. However, hoarseness may sometimes be a symptom of a more serious disease, such as acid reflux, thyroid issues, rheumatoid arthritis or neurological disorders. If you have chronic hoarseness, it may be time to see a throat specialist who can perform a diagnosis and present options for managing the condition.

 

Hyperparathyroidism

 

Located in the neck, the parathyroid glands are a part of the endocrine system responsible for regulating calcium levels. In some adults, the parathyroid glands can become enlarged and  produce too much parathyroid hormone, resulting in a range of mild to severe symptoms, such as kidney stones, brittle bones, fatigue and weakness. This condition can be treated surgically.

 

Laryngomalacia (Congenital Softening of the Larynx Tissues)

 

Laryngomalacia is a frequent cause of stridor (noisy breathing) in infants. As a congenital defect, this issue is present at birth. Softening of the tissues of the larynx is typically not serious and often resolves by 18 to 20 months of age. However, some infants and toddlers may require surgical intervention.

 

Masses And Lesions of the Mouth or Throat

 

Masses in the mouth or throat may be cancerous or benign. If you notice a mass, it’s important to see a physician for an evaluation. Lesions or ulcers can cause difficulty with swallowing and eating or block the airway; in some cases, oral lesions may be cancerous.

 

Oral Motor Weakness (Oromotor)

 

Oral motor weakness refers to weakness of the muscles and structures of the mouth and surrounding facial muscles. The inability to control these muscles can result in difficulty eating, speaking, blowing, chewing and responding with facial expressions. See a provider at Advanced ENT Services for diagnosis and care.

 

Pain While Eating

 

Pain while eating or swallowing, also known as “odynophagia,” can be caused by oral or throat masses, esophageal disorders, or many other potential causes. If you or your child experiences pain while eating, it’s important to see a specialist for evaluation and diagnosis.

 

PANS/PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Strep)

 

PANDAS is a rare condition affecting approximately one in 200 children. Because this disease presents common symptoms of other health issues, it is frequently undiagnosed. The leading theory suggests that an autoimmune response to a strep infection is the cause of PANDAS. Symptoms of the disease may include motor or verbal tics, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), as well as changes in mood, anxiety levels and sleep.

 

Periodic Fever Syndrome

 

Periodic fever syndrome is a group of disorders that cause recurrent episodes of fever in a child; fevers are accompanied by symptoms such as rash, abdominal pain, swollen and painful joints, and mouth sores. There are several types of periodic fever syndromes, the most common being PFAPA (Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, Adenitis) and FMF (Medterannean Fever).

 

Recurrent Croup

 

Croup is a barking cough that sometimes occurs in children between the ages of six months and three years. In healthy children, croup may occur no more than one to two times per year. Recurrent croup is a term ENT specialists use to describe instances in which croup occurs more than two times per year. Recurrent croup may be caused by problems in the airway, such as subglottic stenosis, cysts or vocal cord paralysis, among others. Foreign bodies in the throat, asthma, allergies and other potential causes may also be investigated.

 

Recurrent Strep Throat

 

While many people get strep throat from time to time, some children and adults are prone to recurrent strep throat. This may be caused by a weakened immune system, antibiotic resistance, or even proximity to a “hidden carrier,” someone who carries strep bacteria but exhibits no signs. Some studies suggest recurrent strep throat could be a hereditary condition.

 

Restless Sleep

 

Restless sleep can be a complex condition that requires the consultation of various medical specialists. Restless sleep caused by obstructive sleep apnea (see below) may be evaluated and managed by an ENT specialist.

 

Sleep Apnea

 

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that is characterized by breathing that quickly starts and stops throughout a night of sleep. The most common form is obstructive sleep apnea, which occurs when the throat muscles relax, closing the airway. Sleep apnea can be related to snoring, daytime sleepiness, insomnia, morning headaches, dry mouth and other symptoms.

 

Snoring

 

Snoring occurs when air passes through the nose and throat, vibrating the back of the tongue or soft palate. When awake, muscles keep these structures from relaxing; during sleep, those muscles are inactive, allowing the palate and tongue to soften, collapse, and vibrate with the passage of air. Snoring can lead to sleep apnea, disrupted sleep, and other adverse side effects. An ENT surgeon may be able to provide treatments to open the airway or remove obstructions.

 

Speech Delay

 

Speech delay (or “language delay”) occurs in as many as one out of every 10 preschool-age children. Some indicators of a speech delay may include: inability to say simple words by the age of 12-15 months, inability to understand basic commands (“no”) by the age of 18 months, inability to use short sentences by three years of age or tell a simple story by four to five years of age.

 

Stridor (Noisy Breathing in Infants)

 

Stridor is the medical term for noisy breathing, typically in infants; stridor is characterized by a high-pitched, whistling sound while inhaling. This condition may be caused by an obstruction in the larynx or trachea.

 

Subglottic Stenosis (SGS): Narrowing Of The Airway

 

Subglottic stenosis (SGS) is a condition that can occur in both children and adults; it is characterized by the narrowing of the subglottis, located just beneath the vocal cords and above the trachea. Subglottic stenosis may cause respiratory difficulty and noisy breathing. In children, SGS may cause recurring croup. Treatment may be done with balloon dilation, a procedure that widens the air passageway.

 

Throat and Larynx Tumors

 

Tumors of the larynx and throat may be malignant or benign. Tumors can obstruct the airway, interfering with breathing, speech and ability to swallow. An ENT doctor at Advanced ENT Services can provide diagnostic and therapeutic care for these tumors and the associated symptoms.

 

Throat and Peritonsillar Abscess (Quinsy)

 

Peritonsillar abscess is a bacterial infection that occurs as a result of complications due to untreated strep throat or tonsillitis. Most common in children, teens and young adults, these rare abscesses are characterized by a collection of pus and infection, which can cause swelling, fever, severe throat pain and difficulty swallowing. Quinsy may be treated in the early stage with antibiotics or via incision and drainage.

 

Throat Pain

 

Throat pain can have many potential causes, including bacterial infection, acid reflux, foreign body, tissue collapse, tumor and more. If you have persistent throat pain, an ENT doctor can provide diagnostic and therapeutic care for this condition.

 

Thyroid Disorders

 

Thyroid disorders include a wide range of dysfunction in the butterfly-shaped gland located just above the collarbone in the neck. An ENT physician, along with other specialists, may provide care for the following conditions and others: thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, goiter, inflammation of the thyroid and thyroid cancer.

 

Tongue Tie

 

Tongue tie (ankyloglossia) is a condition characterized by an abnormally thick or short band of tissue connecting the tip of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. Frenotomy (tongue tie release surgery) may be done almost immediately after birth or later in infancy, childhood or adulthood. The procedure, especially in newborns, is quick, and complications are rare.

 

Tonsil Asymmetry

 

In some children, one tonsil may be larger than the other. This is known as tonsil asymmetry, a condition that may cause persistent sore throat or neck pain. An ENT specialist may recommend tonsillectomy for asymmetric tonsils, as there could be a potential for malignancy.

 

Tonsil Stones

 

Tonsil stones are small calcified lumps that sometimes develop in the tonsils. Bacteria in the mouth and throat could lead to the development of tonsil stones. Symptoms may include sore throat, bad breath, painful or difficult swallowing and ear pain. Oftentimes tonsil stones can be resolved with home remedies. In more difficult or complex cases, an ENT physician can prescribe antibiotics, remove tonsil stones with a brief in-office procedure, or recommend tonsillectomy.

 

Tonsillitis (Acute and Chronic)

 

Inflammation of the tonsils, lymphoid tissue located in the back of the throat, is referred to as tonsillitis. Tonsillitis can be acute or chronic, resulting from bacterial infection, such as strep throat. While acute tonsillitis may be resolved with the use of antibiotics, chronic or recurring tonsillitis could require tonsillectomy, removal of the tonsils.

 

Tracheal Stenosis: Narrowing of the Airway

 

Tracheal stenosis (narrowing of the airway) can occur in both children and adults for a number of reasons. In some cases, tracheal stenosis is congenital. It may also be caused by radiation therapy, extended use of a breathing tube, viral and bacterial infections, tumors and other causes. An ENT specialist can evaluate the throat and recommend a treatment plan for opening up the closed throat.

 

Tracheomalacia (Airway Collapse)

 

Tracheomalacia, collapse of the airway while breathing, is a condition that can occur in adults and children. In a person with tracheomalacia, the trachea collapses upon exhaling, which can make it difficult to catch a breath. Tracheomalacia can also make it more difficult to recover from a respiratory-related illness. Some forms of tracheomalacia are so mild that they’re barely detectable; other forms can be severe and life-threatening. An ENT specialist at Advanced ENT Services can provide diagnostic and therapeutic care.

Find an ENT Provider Near You in New York

To see a board-certified ENT doctor at one of our 11 practice locations in the Hudson Valley, please call 914.693.7636 to request an appointment. We accept most insurances including Medicare and Medicaid; please be sure to ask the practice representative if we accept your insurance plan. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.